Guitar picking is a group of hand and finger techniques a guitarist uses to set guitar strings in motion to produce audible notes. These techniques involve plucking, strumming, brushing, etc. Picking can be done with:
– A pick (plectrum) held in the hand
– Natural or artificial fingernails, fingertips or finger-mounted plectrums known as fingerpicks (for techniques collectively known as fingerstyle)
– A plectrum held between thumb and one finger, supplemented by the free fingers—called hybrid picking or sometimes “chicken pickin”.
– Using a single thumb pick with the bare fingers is similar to hybrid picking. Another mixed technique is to play different passages with a plectrum or fingerstyle, “palming” the plectrum when not in use. This however requires the use of one or more picking hand fingers, and/or can reduce dexterity in the picking hand.

For further reading, go to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guitar_picking#:~:text=Guitar%20picking%20is%20a%20group,plectrum)%20held%20in%20the%20hand.

Other Guitar Term

a clef (looks like an ampersand “&”) placing the G note above middle “C” on the second-lowest line of the staff. The staff is the five lines where notes and musical directions appear.

A piece of leather or fabric worn to support the guitar when standing. Straps attach to the button-like connectors on the sides of the guitar body. Some acoustic guitars that do not have the connector at the top end of the body require a small band that loops around the the headstock of the guitar just above the nut. This band allows for a guitar strap to connect to the top half of the guitar.

Standard tuning defines the string pitches as E, A, D, G, B, and E, from lowest (low E2) to highest (high E4). Standard tuning is used by most guitarists, and frequently used tunings can be understood as variations on standard tuning. There are hundreds of such tunings, often minor variants of established tunings.

Scale length refers to the distance between a guitar’s nut and its bridge. So in other words, a guitar’s scale length is determined by the gap between the two main components that seat its strings. It can therefore be thought of as the measurement of the maximum sounding length of a guitar’s strings. (https://blog.andertons.co.uk)

The guitar saddle can be a piece of bone or plastic on an acoustic guitar and a metal construct on electric guitars that is attached to the bridge and lifts the strings to the desired height transfering vibration through the bridge to the soundboard. The height of the saddle raises or lowers the action of the strings of the guitar.

An open string is any string that is played without fretting a note (placing any finger on the freboard).